• Bellefonte Area High School

    PLTW – Pre Engineering

    Syllabus 

     

    Instructor:  Mr. Vaughn W. Donmoyer

     

    Classroom:   Room 169

     

    Engineering Design and Development

     

                The knowledge and skills students acquire throughout PLTW Engineering come together in EDD as they identify an issue and then research, design, and test a solution, ultimately presenting their solution to a panel of engineers. Students apply the professional skills they have developed to document a design process to standards, completing EDD ready to take on any post-secondary program or career.

     

    Course Outcomes:

    Students will: 

     

    The work of engineers has an impact on our society.

     

    An open ended design process involves identifying a justifiable problem and developing an original solution that attempts to solve it.

     

    The engineering design process is typically non-linear. Designers may need to re-visit steps in the process or take next steps based on feedback from previous steps.

     

    The engineering design process is both a guide and a series of waypoints for effective problem solving. It is a tool for self-evaluation as an engineer moves through the process.

     

    There are principles and practices related academic research. Topic selection and design decisions should be research driven and driven data whenever possible.

     

    There are principles, practices, and techniques related to technical writing.

     

    There are principles and practices related to documenting an engineering design process that allow teams to work effectively, preserve the work allowing continuation at a later date, and protect the designer’s intellectual property.

     

    Project management is the discipline of planning, organizing, motivating, utilizing resources to achieve specific goals.

     

    Relevant principles and practices of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) should be used to inform and justify design choices. They should be evident and well documented in an engineering design process.  

     

    Individuals and other entities put extraordinary effort into protecting their intellectual property so they can control who has access to and use of their work. Intellectual property protections allow individuals or companies to maintain rights to profit from their ideas.

     

    There are many stakeholders involved in an open ended engineering design process.

     

    The ability to communicate as a professional is a critical skill for engineers.

    Measurable design requirements are developed from a problem statement. Design requirements guide engineers through the design process and help determine if the solution is successful at solving the identified problem.  

    Multiple design possibilities should be explored in an engineering design process.

    Testing is a critical component to any engineering design process.  A plan and process for testing the proposed solution both qualitatively and quantitatively against design requirements should be created and carried out.

    Engineering design projects are typically peer reviewed. Stakeholder feedback and design reviews help guide engineers through the design process.

    Presentation of this design process and project findings are critical to the engineering design process.

    Project management is the discipline of planning, organizing, motivating, utilizing resources to achieve specific goals.

    The work of engineers has an impact on our society.

    An open ended design process involves identifying a justifiable problem and developing an original solution that attempts to solve it.

    There are principles and practices related academic research. Topic selection and design decisions should be research driven and driven data whenever possible.

    There are principles, practices, and techniques related to technical writing.

    There are principles and practices related to documenting an engineering design process that protect the designer’s intellectual property. This ensures that the designer has generated an original solution.

    A well developed and accurately written problem statement identifies a need and guides an engineering design process.

    A well developed and accurately written problem statement identifies a need and aims the engineer toward developing measureable and objective design requirements which guide the rest of the design process.

    Individuals and other entities put extraordinary effort into protecting their intellectual property so they can control who has access to and use of their work. Intellectual property protections allow individuals or companies to maintain rights to profit from their ideas.

    Experts are professionals that have specific knowledge in an area of interest and can guide the research needed for accurate justification and solutions to design problems. 

    The ability to communicate as a professional is a critical skill for engineers.

    Effective market research focuses on potential users and buyers to gauge whether a problem is worth the investment required for a solution to be attempted.

    Effective market research focuses on potential users and buyers to gauge whether a problem is worth the investment required for it to be solved.

    Research and analysis of past solution attempts can help a designer identify critical design specifications or features in any viable solution designed.

    Engineering design projects are typically peer reviewed. Stakeholder feedback and design reviews help guide engineers through the design process.

    Design goals include specifications, constraints, parameters, desired features, and fundamental design considerations.

    Presentation of a project proposal is a critical way-point in the design process.

    Relevant principles and practices of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) should be used to inform and justify design choices.  They should be evident and well documented in an engineering design process.  

    Engineers use a peer review process to evaluate design solutions, provide feedback, and implement necessary revisions.

    Effective design teams typically have a diverse set of viewpoints.

    Multiple design possibilities should be explored in an engineering design process.

    Design goals include specifications, constraints, parameters, desired features, and fundamental design considerations.

    Testing is a critical component to any engineering design process. A prototype should be created that can be tested qualitatively and quantitatively.

    Assessing a product’s lifecycle creates an opportunity for identifying potential improvements in the process and provides a method for evaluating the product’s degree of success.

    A decision matrix is one tool designers can use to compare preliminary design solutions. A solution path can be determined by assessing each alternate design based on the design requirements specified.

    Drawings and sketches are used to organize, record, and communicate ideas.

    An effective use of the design process includes the use of a variety of forms of technical visual communication. This may include, but not be limited to technical drawings, circuit diagrams, process or flow charts.

    Virtual solutions for designs allow engineers to plan, test, and prepare for building a prototype.

    Engineers and designers have ethical responsibilities to clients, peers, their profession, and the general public. •

    Product development will result in consequences, both good and bad, that must be considered when deciding whether or not to develop a product.

    There are many stakeholders involved in an open ended engineering design process.

    The ability to communicate as a professional is a critical skill for engineers.

    A Preliminary Design Review is a peer review process to determine the viability of the final design proposed and if other modifications can be identified before the prototyping and testing phase.

    Project management is the discipline of planning, organizing, motivating, utilizing resources to achieve specific goals.

    During the construction of a prototype, safety in the workplace is a critical component. All safety guidelines and procedures should be followed.

    Material, tools, and equipment requirements are defined by creating a materials and cost analysis before the construction of a prototype.

    A prototyping provides the engineer with a scaled working model of the design solution that can be tested.

    Engineers write step-by-step instructions for the prototype assembly to guide the fabrication of the design solution.

    Designers must consider characteristics such as strength and weight of materials and fastening procedures to be sure that the final design meets design specifications.

    Testing is a critical component to any engineering design process.  A plan and process for testing the proposed solution both qualitatively and quantitatively against design requirements should be created and carried out.

    Prototypes can generally be broken down into subsystems in order to isolate problems and conduct incremental testing.

    Prototype testing is a controlled procedure that is used to evaluate a specific aspect of a design solution.

    In order to gather useful data, specific criteria for success or failure of a test must be determined before testing begins.

    A detailed description of the testing procedure helps to ensure that the results of the design solution testing are valid.

    Data can be classified as either quantitative because it can be measured or qualitative because it describes a quality or categorization.

    The results of prototype testing are used to refine the design and to improve the design solution.

    A Critical Design Review are used to determine the quality and functionality of the final prototype. Designers should seek feedback from key stakeholders to determine if any modifications or improvements can be made before finalizing the testing process.

    The engineering design process is typically non-linear. Designers may need to re-visit steps in the process or take next steps based on feedback from previous steps.

    The engineering design process is both a guide and a series of waypoints for effective problem solving. It is a tool for self-evaluation as an engineer moves through the process.

    There are many stakeholders involved in an open ended engineering design process.

    The ability to communicate as a professional is a critical skill for engineers.

    Engineering design projects are typically peer reviewed. Stakeholder feedback and design reviews help guide engineers through the design process.

    Presentation of this design process and project findings are critical to the engineering design process.

    Presentation of this design process and project findings are critical to the engineering design process.

    Presentations and displays of work provide the means to effectively promote and justify the implementation of a project.

    There are principles and practices related to documenting an engineering design process that protect the designer’s intellectual property. This ensures that the designer has generated an original solution.

    A well-done presentation can enhance the perception of the quality of work completed for a team project.

    The use of presentation software allows designers to present visual aids and project information in a professional manner.

    The media format used for a presentation is chosen in order to effectively communicate the design solution process to a target audience.

     

    Course Questions

     

    What are the global challenges facing our world?

    What are the roles and responsibilities of engineering in society?

    What justifies expenditure of resources to try and solve a problem?

    What role does the market place play in engineering design?

    Why is it crucial to use a design process when trying to solve complex problems?

    What are the fundamental aspects of any engineering design process?

    What determines the next step in a design process?

    Why is documenting a design process important?

    What are the attributes of successful project planning and management? 

    Why is it important for engineers and designers to utilize known scientific and mathematical principles?

    Why should I do independent research before contacting stakeholders or seeking expert support?

    Why is the intellectual property so important in engineering design?

    What is the difference between invention and innovation?

    Why is teaming often more effective than individuals working alone when solving a complex problem?

    How do you decide what key points are most important when given limited time to present findings? 

    Do I need to create a solution that solves the problem to successfully complete this course?

    Should I design an authentic solution, what steps could I take beyond this course?

    How do I find a problem worth solving?

    What are the global challenges facing our world?

    What role does the market place play in engineering design? 

    What exactly is the problem?

    How do I phrase it as an objective problem statement?

    What is the background, context or setting of the problem?  

    Who in fact says that this is a problem worth solving and why should anyone believe them?

    What makes a project justified when the need for a solution is balanced against cost and effort?

    How are experts and mentors valuable to the design process?

    What expert credentials, experience, or knowledge suffice to state that the problem identified is valid?

    How can valuable and credible research be identified for use?

    Why should I do independent research before contacting stakeholders or seeking expert support?

    What are all of the methods, products, or actions that are being used or have been developed to try and solve this problem and exactly why doesn’t each of them actually solve the problem?

    How do I prove to others that I/we have done an extensive search for possible current solution attempts?  

    Who has helped me identify and state the shortcomings of the solutions attempts found and why should anyone believe them?

    Why is the intellectual property so important in engineering design?

    Why is it important to begin a design project with a problem statement?

    What tools can I use to assess prior solution attempts?

    Now that I know what the problem statement is and why current solutions are not solving the problem well enough, what are the measurable things a new design would have to accomplish (in order of importance) to be seen as a real solution?

    How did I determine each of these design requirements?

    What are the differences between specifications, constraints, parameters, desired features, and fundamental design considerations?

    How do design requirements help guide designers to the most effective solution?

    What brainstorming or idea generations techniques did I use to help define possible solutions?

    Why is it important to take the time to thoroughly explore many potential solutions before selecting a solution path?

    How can I show that I kept all of the design requirements in mind throughout the entire process?

    Why would an engineer need to identify the criteria and constraints required for a design solution?

    What was the best solution to try?

    Why was it the best solution to try?

    How do I show that our design ideas and proposed design attributes are based on sound logic and subject related knowledge?

    How is a decision making matrix used to select the best solution path?

    Why does this proposed solution have merit to try?

    How do I show evidence that the proposed design has merit beyond the classroom or lab as a real solution?  

    Is the design viable?

    How can I show evidence that the design could realistically get into the hands of the people the design is trying to help in a sustainable way?

    What evidence would I have to offer to honestly ask a family to invest their life savings in this idea?

    What are advantages of using virtual solutions before and sometimes in place of physical prototypes?

    Why is it important to have clear, concise directions for the assembly of a product?

    What steps can be taken to lower the cost of your prototype?

    How can I explain to others that if tested, the final prototype design or collection of individual segments representative of the complete solution idea will be able to yield real evidence of how well the idea meets each of the design requirements?

    Why are test criteria important in test design?

    What is the plan to test the prototype design and how can I show others that the testing plan for each design requirement is a well thought our test and would yield believable data?

    What measurement practices are used to analyze your test results?

    What did I learn from testing about how well this design met the stated design requirements?

    Why should others believe my/our analysis of the data?

    What is the significance of seeking input from experts or non-team members?

    What do end-users and experts directly related to this project and problem statement think of the testing results and my conclusions about the effectiveness of this idea?

    If I were going to do this project over, what should be done differently during the design process to improve the project and how would those recommendations make the project better overall?

    Did I document each step of the design process well enough that anyone interested in the problem could pick up this work and both replicate what I have done, as well as continue working from where I ended up?

    Throughout the entire portfolio and engineering notebook, were the expiations, descriptions and information in each section developed and presented with a wide variety of readers in mind?

    Is my portfolio and engineering notebook more of a scrapbook of disjointed or entries, or is it a well written and documented account of my work throughout the design process?

    Is my presentation appropriate in length and content for the intended audience?

    Does my presentation defend all design choices made and clearly describe the engineering design process utilized.

    Is my appearance professional in nature for a presentation?

    Have I spell checked my presentation and proofed for grammatical errors?

    Have I practiced my presentation and worked out transitions with my partner(s)?

    Are APA source citations tied to all research information in my presentation, portfolio, and engineering notebook?

    Evaluation

     

                Evaluation will be in accordance with the Bellefonte Area High School grading policy as stated in the handbook.  In accordance with individual potential, a student is expected to master the level of achievement for his/her level.  The student’s efforts to reach the outcome will be measured by the teacher during classroom observations of the student and his/her work.  Final grades will be determined by averaging the actual grade from each quarter according to the following:

     A: 100-90%, B:  89-80%, C:  79-70%, D:  69-60%, and F:   59-0%

     

    Classroom Grade will be evaluated by the following:

     

    1. Quizzes and Tests                          20%
    2. Class Activities (class work)        60%
    3. Projects                                          20%

     

    Grading Policy:

     

                Students are expected to work during time they are given.  Most of the materials and software used for this course must stay in the classroom.  Students will be able to come down and work during a study hall.  There will be little homework throughout the year.  They must be focused and concentrate on the task at hand.  Engineering Design and Development is a fast passed course.  There is a lot of information to go over.  Students that are absent frequently will have a harder time doing well in the course.  You must make arrangements with the teacher to make up the missed information and assignments. Students are able to access the Learning Management System if internet is accessible at home to be able to complete assignments that they missed due to absence.  Students will not fail if 100% effort is given in a project no matter what the outcome of the project may be.

     

    Standards Addressed:

     

    Pennsylvania State Standards

    3.1.12. A, 3.1.10.E, 3.2.12.A, 3.2.12.D, 3.4.10.B, 3.4.12.B, 3.6.10.B, 3.7.10.A, 3.7.10.B, 3.7.10.D

     PA Standards Align System (Common Core)

     Technology and Engineering: 3.4.10.A2, 3.4.10.A3, 3.4.10.B1, 3.4.10.B4, 3.4.10.C1, 3.4.12.C2, 3.4.12.C3, 3.4.10.D2, 3.4.12.D2, 3.4.10.E4, 3.4.12.E4, 3.4.12.A1, 3.4.12.A3, 3.4.12.B1, 3.4.12.C2, 3.4.12.D2, 3.4.12.E7

     Math: 2.3.11.C, 2.3.11.E, 2.5.11.A, 2.6.11.C, 2.8.11.B, 2.10.11.A

     English:  CC 3.5.11-12G, CC 3.5. 11-12H, CC 3.6. 11-12E and CC 3.5. 11-12D